Open Source Owns the Web - 2014 Update

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  • Strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in opensource_field_formatter_view() (line 181 of /home/josa/public_html/sites/all/modules/opensource/opensource.module).
  • Strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in opensource_field_formatter_view() (line 183 of /home/josa/public_html/sites/all/modules/opensource/opensource.module).
  • Strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in opensource_field_formatter_view() (line 192 of /home/josa/public_html/sites/all/modules/opensource/opensource.module).
  • Strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in opensource_field_formatter_view() (line 196 of /home/josa/public_html/sites/all/modules/opensource/opensource.module).
Infographic

Open Source Owns the Web - 2014 Update

By: Mohammad
Khamash
12.3.2014

Back in 2010, JOSA’s vice-president Mohammad Khamash wrote an intriguing post on how Open Source is -fortunately- dominating the World Wide Web. Do you think Open Source software is still the norm for the web technologies? In the celebration of the 25th anniversary of the birth of the World Wide Web, we present to you a brand-new and updated infographic for 2014.

On my latest post about the use of Open Source on the web, dated 2010, I have tried to clarify to our readers that Open Source software are the backbone of the Web, giving life to web server infrastructure and operating systems and running most of the websites you keep visit. After three years, Open Source is even more used and loved by all the people developing the web.

Starting with the operating systems powering the web, GNU/Linux is still dominating that market share. Based on statistics provided by W3Techs, Linux is running more than 38.9% of all the web servers. We used the same statistics for the 2010 post, when they were based on the top 1 million sites, currently they have widen their sample base to cover 10 million sites.

Since a lot of web servers are recently hiding their underlying operating system (most of the times for security reasons), these statistics show that 28% of the web servers are running an operating system that can be classified as unknown/undiscoverable. Based on the previous (2010) statistics, when Linux had a percentage of 60%, we can easily confirm that almost all of these machines are running Linux as well.

Three years were enough to generate a more substantial change in Web server software, where we have a new-comer who took the second place from Microsoft IIS. You probably guessed it, it is another open source web server called Nginx, and it has now 19.9% share.

This was not a loss for Apache, on the contrary, Apache improved a little by taking 61% (+1% from 2010); Microsoft’s web server software IIS is now left with 14.2% (-5.8%) of market share.

Regarding web development, and in terms of server-side languages, Open Source, PHP programming language has completely taken over, with an astonishing 81.9% (in 2010 it was the language of choice for 75% of the websites). Java, an open source programming language as well, is running nearly 3% of the web, while proprietary ASP.NET has a percentage of nearly 18%.

For most developers writing code from scratch is not the most efficient way to build software, you would be reinventing the wheel over and over again, usually they will use ready libraries, frameworks and, in the case of web development, they would often use a Content Management System (CMS).

So, what did happen in the period from 2010 to 2014 to Open Source Content Management Systems? They definitely became even more popular with developers; with Wordpress, Joomla, Drupal owning 60.2%, 8.7%, 5.4% respectively of the whole use of CMSs. Where, jointly, they have 74.3% of the market.

About this Author:
Mohammad
Khamash
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